How To Lead Peers

m_david dyeGuest post by David Dye.

So, you were friends? Did that change when you were appointed the leader of your peers? This post may shed some light on this often painful issue. How do you lead peers?

“How could you?” He was angry.
His tight words and finger stabbing the air made it clear: he felt betrayed.”How could you let this happen?”He had just been fired…by the President of the Company.
I couldn’t help but to answer him. “Me?? I’m not the one who skipped out on the team over and over again!”

He may have been angry, but I was beyond frustrated and felt betrayed myself. I’d gone out on a limb to help, but in the end he’d gotten himself fired. What made it worse was that for the prior year, we’d been friends. That all changed when I was asked to lead the team.

A Shakespearian dilemma

Our problem was not unique to us – it happens to nearly everybody when they are first asked to lead a team they once belonged to. You are now in a position of providing accountability and inspiration to a group of your peers. For many emerging leaders, this is the most difficult challenge they will ever face. I’ve watched many experienced leaders lead peersstumble when asked to address or lead a team of their peers. In fact, it’s a Shakespearian dilemma: Prince Hal faces this challenge when he ascends to the throne and becomes Henry V. His old drinking buddies are left wondering where they fit in.

There were several factors that kept me from being an effective leader for my previous friend. See if these sound familiar to you:

We all want to be liked and accepted

Positional leadership, even when you are an outstanding servant leader, means taking responsibility for decisions that not every agrees with. It means holding people accountable and it means that the group who you naturally want to like and accept you won’t always feel that way.

There’s nothing wrong with wanting other people to think well of you and a desire to belong – it’s very normal, human, and healthy so long as it’s in balance and doesn’t consume you. But this isn’t the only value in life and if you choose to lead, it will come into conflict with other values.

A leader must provide accountability and inspiration Click To Tweet

Your loyalty is to the mission AND the people

This is one of those “ANDs” that is so important – your friends may feel you’ve abandoned them, but you haven’t. You’ve added an important loyalty – to the organization and its mission. Learning to balance both takes some work, but to your friends who don’t understand this tension, it can feel like betrayal.

Inconsistent behavior

In Shakespeare’s Henry IV and V sagas, Prince Hal partied with the best of them – he drank with the best known lush, Falstaff, but when he ascended the throne, he turned his back on his friends and acted like he’d never been part of them. The problem was inconsistent behavior – the Prince did not lead before he had the position. Once he became King and tried to act kingly, his friends were understandably hurt.

A leader must be consistent in behavior Click To Tweet

Unclear expectations

This is the most common error. When you move from a peer role to a positional leadership role, some of your team may expect to get a “pass” on poor behavior, others may expect favors or special treatment (that would undermine your leadership credibility), and YOU may be expecting your friends to work especially hard because of your friendship. All of this leads to massive disappointment when you do hold team members accountable, you won’t do favors that would hurt the team, and your friends don’t show any special effort.

Not everyone can handle it

Some people are able to manage the tension between friendship and supervisor. In my experience, however, it is the exception, not the rule. It takes maturity for both people to be able to do this. At the extreme end of the spectrum, that’s one reason so much human resource activity takes place around dating or marrying supervisors. How many people would seriously pass over their spouse for a promotion or fire them? There is a natural conflict of interest. It’s not impossible to overcome, but you would never bet on it.

Lead Peers – How it could work

My experience didn’t have to end the way I described it. Early in my career, I wasn’t aware of all the factors I’ve just described. I only learned them through trial and error, good mentors, and studying leadership every chance I had. The good news is that a few healthy leadership practices can help you manage the transition from peer to positional leader:

lead peers as primus inter paresLead from where you are

In healthy organizations, leading from where you are, without a formal title, will naturally lead to you being asked to fill titled leadership positions. It also helps ease the transition. If your peers all know you as someone who sets an example, practices healthy friendship (where you hold one another accountable), empowers others, and already balances the mission with your role on the team, you won’t surprise them with radically different behavior when you change positions. However: as a team member, if you are constantly bad-mouthing other people and critical of your supervisor, you will have to work hard to make the transition to a leadership role.

A leader of peers balances leading with being liked Click To Tweet

Be clear about expectations

This is the essential step to managing the transition: have an honest conversation about the transition and your mutual expectations. Be clear about your commitment to your team and to the organization, your management expectations, your leadership values, and organizational mandates. At the same time, encourage your peers to be honest about their concerns or expectations and to talk with you if they perceive you are being unjust. Be realistic clarity to lead peersabout the times you will be called on to make a decision that is in the team’s best interest even if it conflicts with what you personally would like. The goal is to prevent surprises. Your team needs to know where you are coming from – don’t let it be a ‘gotchya!’ moment later on.

Wear the right hat at the right time

This takes a level of maturity in your thinking and relationships but is very helpful for avoiding misunderstandings. The technique is simply to identify which “hat” you’re wearing when you are having a conversation.

I’ve had conversations that went something like this: “As a friend, I am so sorry – that stinks!  As the team leader, I can give you tomorrow to take care of your problem and then we will need you back.”

Be clear, not perfect

The key with everything is to be very clear about expectations, goals, and desired behaviors. You will never be perfect, so quit trying… And quit pretending – your peers all know the ‘real’ you isn’t perfect, so don’t suddenly try to act that way. It’s inauthentic and your leadership credibility will suffer. It’s okay to be you. Just take responsibility, be as clear as you can, and…

Apologize as needed

Leaders often struggle to apologize, but it’s even more pronounced when a former team member is leading the team. The insecurity and desire to be accepted can keep you from owning your junk, apologizing, and moving on.

m_im sorryWeed as needed

There are times when it just won’t work. For example: A former colleague continued to take advantage of my relationship and, despite my best efforts to clarify expectations and help him correct the behavior, nothing changed. I had to be clear about the situation: “I respect you and this is difficult, but if nothing changes you may be transferred or let go.”

You can’t control anyone else – your job is to be the best leader you can and give everyone on the team every opportunity to succeed. When someone isn’t interested in going there, it is time to care enough for the team to move them along.

A good leader gives everyone opportunities to succeed Click To Tweet

Get a new peer group

I regularly encourage leaders to build relationships with other leaders, to find mentors, and get coaching. There is nothing like a group of people who understand the challenges you experience and can share meaningful wisdom. You can’t (or shouldn’t try to) get this from your team. Over time, I built my own personal Board of Directors – people outside the company who I could learn from, confide in, and be accountable to.


Your Turn

Leading a team of your peers can be hugely rewarding, but it’s your responsibility as a leader to set clear expectations and act fairly. Even veterans can benefit from reviewing their relationships and making sure they are healthy.

  • Do you have a meaningful friendship with leaders in your organization?
  • How can you balance your need to be liked with leading?
  • It is okay to be you – are you sufficiently aware of this motto in your work?
  • How can you build or reinforce your courage to do what must be done – as a leader?

David M. Dye works with leaders, managers, and supervisors who want to get more done, build teams that care, and meet their goals. He is the President of Trailblaze. His book, The Seven Things Your Team Needs to Hear You Say, is available on

Leave a Reply

This Post Has 5 Comments

  1. Saira Khan

    This article addresses the pitfalls associated with leading peers, an issue that many will have to deal with at some point in time. It captures the various nuances really well and comes up with great solutions……

    1. David Dye

      Thanks Saira, I’m glad you found it helpful!

  2. Julie Kelly

    A year ago I transitioned into a leadership role. I experienced growing pains as I learned to balance tension between friends and “the mission.” I couldn’t believe when a close friend said “You better not change” before she even congratulated me on the promotion. I learned a lot this year. Your suggestions for leading peers are on target.

  3. Clive Bevan

    I walked the path from being one of the team to its Leader many years ago and subsequently in may new projects in company and through consulting I find that I suprise myself at the levels at which I find i can add value and introduce Lead- thinking to the colleagues I work with.

    Is knowing that you don’t know a good place to start and Followership a skill that needs to be developed… knowing when to lead and of greater importance in a high Performance organisation knowing when to Follow…

  4. Bonnie Kramer

    I have an interview today for an instructional coach position within our district. We will be moving to this model whether I get the position or not, so I will be either leading or accepting leadership from peers. I realize peer leadership is a “sticky wicket” and your article provided some very good advice. Thanks for letting readers benefit from your experience.

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